Robert Cloninger

Robert Cloninger (född 4 april 1944) är en amerikansk psykiater och genetiker som forskat på biologisk, psykologisk, social och andlig grund för både psykisk och psykisk sjukdom. [1] [2] [3] [4 ] [5] Han är professor i psykologi och genetik och chef vid Sansone Family Center for Well-Being vid Washington University i St. Louis. [6] [7] [8] [9] Cloninger är  medlem av den biologiska och biovetenskapliga sektorns evolutionära, neurovetenskapliga och statistiska genetikprogram [6] och är erkänd som expertkliniker vid behandling av allmän psykopatologi, substansberoende och personlighetsstörningar. [7] [10]

Cloninger har forskat på genetisk, neurobiologiska orsaker för utveckling av personlighets- och personlighetsstörningar. [11] [12] [13] [14] Han identifierade och beskrev ärftliga personlighetsdrag som förutsade sårbarhet mot alkoholism och andra psykiska störningar i prospektiva studier av adopterade uppväxta utan sina biologiska föräldrar. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] Cloninger utförde även en kopplingsstudie av normala personlighetsdrag, [20] och har utvecklat två verktyg för att mäta personlighet: TIDQ (Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire) och Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). [ 21] [22]

År 2004 publicerade han Feeling Good: Vetenskapen om välbefinnande. [23] [24] [25] Cloninger är direktör vid Anthropedia Institute, forskningsenheten för Anthropedia Foundation. [26] I samarbete med Anthropedia hjälpte han till att utveckla DVD-serien Know Yourself. [27] [28] Cloninger har erhållit livstidsutmärkelser från många akademiska och medicinska föreningar, och är medlem i National Academy of Sciences för medicinska högskolan. [29] Han har författat eller medförfattat nio böcker och mer än fyrahundrafemtio artiklar.

Urval av publikationer

Böcker

  • Cloninger, C. R. (2004). Feeling good: The science of well-being. New York: Oxford University Press. (Italian translation with foreword by Mario Maj, Rome, CIC Edizioni Internationali, 2006).
  • Hallett M., Fahn S., Jankovic J.J., Lang A.E., Cloninger C.R., Yudofsky S.C. (Eds.) (2005). Psychogenic movement disorders: neurology and neuropsychiatry. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Cloninger, C. R., (Ed.) (1999). Personality and psychopathology. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.
  • Cloninger C.R., Przybeck T.R., Svrakic D.M., Wetzel R.D., Richter J., Eisemann M., Richter G. (1999). Das Temperament und Charakter Inventar (TCI) manual. Frankfurt: Swets Test Services.
  • Gershon E.S. and Cloninger C.R. (Eds.) (1994). Genetic approaches in mental disorders. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.
  • Cloninger C.R., Przybeck T.R., Svrakic D.M., Wetzel R.D. (1994). The temperament and character inventory (TCI): A guide to its development and use. St. Louis: Washington University Center for Psychobiology of Personality.
  • Cloninger C.R. and Begleiter H. (Eds.) (1991). Genetics and biology of alcoholism. Banbury Reports 33. Plainview, N.Y.: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
  • Maser J.D. and Cloninger C.R. (Eds.) (1990). Comorbidity in anxiety and mood disorders. Washington, D.C., American Psychiatric Press.

Urval av artiklar

  • Cloninger, C. R. (2013) What makes people healthy, happy, and fulfilled in the face of current world challenges? Mens Sana Monographs, 11(1), 16-24.
  • Cloninger, C. R., Zohar, A. H., Hirschmann, S., Dahan, D. (2012) The psychological costs and benefits of being highly persistent: personality profiles distinguish mood disorders from anxiety disorders. J Affective Disorder, 136(3), 758-66.
  • Cloninger, C. R., Zohar, A. H. (2011) Personality and the perception of health and happiness. J Affective Disorders, 128(1-2), 24-32.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (2009). On Well-Being: Current Research Trends And Future Directions. Editorial. Mens Sana Monographs, 6(1), 3-9.
  • Sullivan, S., Cloninger, C.R., Przybeck, T.R., Klein, S. (2007). Personality characteristics in obesity and relationship with successful weight loss. Int J Obes (Lond.), 31, 667-674.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (2006). The science of well-being: An integrated approach to mental health and its disorders. World Psychiatry, 5, 71-76.
  • Cloninger, C. R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R. (2006) Can personality assessment predict future depression? A twelve-month follow-up of 631 subjects. J Affective Disorder, 92 (1), 35-44.
  • Hansenne, M., Delhez, M., Cloninger, C.R. (2005). Psychometric properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised in a Belgian sample. J Person Assess, 85, 40-49.
  • Grucza, R.A., Przybeck, T.R., Cloninger, C.R. (2005). Personality as a mediator of demographic risk factors for suicide attempts in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 46, 214-222.
  • Gillespie, N.A., Cloninger, C.R., Heath, A.C., Martin, N.G. (2003). The genetic and environmental relationship between Cloninger’s dimensions of temperament and character. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 1931-1946.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (2003). Completing the psychobiological architecture of human personality development: Temperament, Character, & Coherence. In U. M. Staudinger & U. E. R. Lindenberger (Eds.), Understanding human development: Dialogues with lifespan psychology (pp. 159–182). Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (2002). The discovery of susceptibility genes for mental disorders. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 99(21), 13365-13367.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (2000). Biology of personality dimensions. Current Opinions in Psychiatry, 13, 611-616.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (1999). A new conceptual paradigm from genetics and psychobiology for the science of mental health. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 33, 174-186.
  • Cloninger, C. R., Svrakic, N. M., & Svrakic, D. M. (1997). Role of personality self-organization in development of mental order and disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 881-906.
  • Cloninger, C. R. (1994). The genetic structure of personality and learning: a phylogenetic perspective. Clinical Genetics, 46, 124-137.
  • Cloninger, C. R., Svrakic, D. M., & Przybeck, T. R. (1993). A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 975-990.
  • Cloninger, C. R., Przybeck, T. R., & Svrakic, D. M. (1991). The tridimensional personality questionnaire: U.S. normative data. Psychological Reports, 69, 1047-1057.

Referenser

  1. Who’s Who in the World 2009. Claude Robert Cloninger. 26th edition. New Providence, NJ. Marquis Who’s Who, 2008.
  2. Highly Cited Researchers. Claude Robert Cloninger. Version 1.5, ISI Highly Cited.com. Institute for Scientific Information, 2008.
  3. John Tierney (February 13, 2012). ”What’s New? Exuberance for Novelty Has Benefits”. The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  4. Tom Siegfried (February 28, 1990). ”Legacy Of Addiction”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  5. Jeannette Batz Cooperman (March 2007). ”The Pursuit of Happiness”. St. Louis Magazine. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  6. Washington University, Division of Biology & Biomedical Sciences, http://dbbs.wustl.edu
  7. Washington University Physicians, Department of Psychiatry, http://wuphysicians.wustl.edu
  8. ”Professor Robert Cloninger – new honorary doctor of psychology at the University of Gothenburg”. University of Gothenburg. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  9. Whitney Joiner (October 2012). ”Going for It”. Whole Living. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  10. Hellinga G, van Luyn B, Dalwijk H-J (eds.). Personalities: Master clinicians confront the treatment of borderline personality disorder. Robert Cloninger (biography and interview). Northvale NJ and London: Jason Aronson, 2001, pp. 99-120.
  11. Highly Cited Researchers. Claude Robert Cloninger. Version 1.5, ISI Highly Cited.com. Institute for Scientific Information, 2008.
  12. 5. Hellinga G, van Luyn B, Dalwijk H-J (eds.). Personalities: Master clinicians confront the treatment of borderline personality disorder – Robert Cloninger (biography and interview). Northvale NJ and London: Jason Aronson, 2001, pp. 99-120.
  13. Jeff Haden (May 14, 2012). ”9 Qualities of Remarkable Entrepreneurs”. Inc. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  14. ”How Not to Talk to Your Kids”. New York Magazine. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  15. Cloninger CR, Bohman M, Sigvardsson S. Inheritance of alcohol abuse: cross-fostering analysis of adopted men. Archives of General Psychiatry 1981; 38:861-869.
  16. Cloninger CR, Bohman M, Sigvardsson S. Childhood personality predicts alcohol abuse in young adults. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1988; 12:494-505.
  17. Cloninger CR, von Knorring A-L, Sigvardsson S, Bohman M. Symptom patterns and causes of somatization in men. Genetic Epidemiology 1986; 3:171-185.
  18. ”Alcohol Abuse And Adopted Persons”. Adoption.com. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  19. ”Classification of Alcoholics Typology Theories”. Quizlet. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  20. Cloninger CR, van Eerdewegh P, Goate A, et al. Anxiety proneness linked to epistatic loci in genome scan of human personality traits. Am J Med Genet 1998; 81:313-317.
  21. Cloninger CR. A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1987; 44:573-588.
  22. 11. Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM, Przybeck TR. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993; 50:975-990.
  23. Cloninger CR. Feeling good: The science of well-being. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  24. ”Feeling Good”. Oxford. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  25. ”Feeling Good: The Science of Well-Being”. BJ Psych. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  26. ”Anthropedia Foundation”. Washington University in St. Louis. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  27. http://anthropedia.org and http://psychobiology.wustl.edu
  28. ”Know Yourself”. Anthropedia Foundation. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  29. Who’s Who in the World 2009. Claude Robert Cloninger. 26th edition. New Providence, NJ. Marquis Who’s Who, 2008.

 

 

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